The knowledge, experience, and commitment of our employees are critical to our success. For this reason, Fresenius values a culture of diversity. The interplay of a wide range of views, opinions, cultural backgrounds, experiences, and values enables us to successfully exploit our potential as a global company.

The number of employees increased by 6% to 311,269 employees at the end of 2020.

Personnel expenses for the Fresenius Group were € 15,128 million in 2020 (2019: € 14,355 million), equivalent to 41.7% of sales (2019: 40.5%). Personnel expenses are above the previous year’s level. Personnel expenses per employee, based on the average number of employees, were at € 49.5 thousand (2019: € 49.5 thousand) and at € 50.3 thousand in constant currency. In Germany, Fresenius companies have signed tariff agreements with IG BCE, Marburger Bund, and ver.di (labor union for services). There were no significant structural changes to compensation or employment agreements in 2020.

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Personnel expenditure
€ in millions 2020 2019 2018
Fresenius Medical Care 7,067 6,800 6,440
Fresenius Kabi 1,809 1,754 1,506
Fresenius Helios 5,270 4,878 4,815
Fresenius Vamed 815 774 545
Corporate/Others 166 149 120
Total 15,128 14,355 13,426

Human resources management

We are constantly adapting our human resources tools to meet new requirements arising from demographics, the transformation to a service economy, the shortage of skilled workers, and employees' desire to better balance family and career. For example, we offer flexible working hours. Further information can be found in our Sustainability Report.

Employee recruitment and personnel development

In order to ensure that our long-term needs for highly qualified employees are met, and to recruit new employees, we make use of online personnel marketing, regularly participate in recruiting events and careers fairs, and organize our own recruiting events. In addition, we try to encourage long-term retention with attractive development programs.

The approaches and measures for employee recruitment and personnel development in the business segments are based on the market requirements of each segment. They are coordinated, developed, and realized independently for each business segment.

At Fresenius, qualifications and experience are the only things that matter in the selection of personnel. Consequently, at Fresenius we have the aspiration that women and men with comparable qualifications will continue to have the same career oppor­tunities. As of December 31, 2020, the proportion of female employees within the Fresenius Group was 68%. Women also held approximately 32% of senior management positions, based on the number of worldwide participants in the Long Term Incentive Plan 2018 (LTIP 2018).

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Number of employees
Dec. 31, 2020 Dec. 31, 2019 Dec. 31, 2018 Change 2020 / 2019 % of total as of Dec. 31, 2020
­Fresenius Medical Care 133,129 128,300 120,328 4% 43%
­Fresenius Kabi 40,519 39,627 37,843 2% 13%
­Fresenius Helios 116,952 106,377 100,144 10% 38%
­Fresenius Vamed 19,414 18,592 17,299 4% 6%
Corporate / Other 1,255 1,238 1,136 1% 0%
Total 311,269 294,134 276,750 6% 100%

Detailed information on the statutory targets for the participation of women and men in management positions is available within the Corporate Governance Declaration pursuant to Section 315d and Section 289f of the German Commercial Code (HGB) on our website, see www.fresenius.com/corporate-governance.

You can visit our award-winning careers portal at www.career.fresenius.com.

Further information on employment management can be found in our Sustainability Report.

Research and development

Changes to the Supervisory Board and Management Board